Acne Treatment in Hagerstown
Acne is a very common skin condition that affects between 85-100 percent of the population. Most individuals first experience acne during puberty, and it can persist into adulthood.
Additionally, the onset of acne may occur in a patient’s 20s, 30s, or even 40s. While this skin condition does not pose a medical threat, it can cause scarring, hyperpigmentation, low self-esteem and anxiety.
Understanding the different types of acne, causes, and treatments can allow many patients to manage their symptoms and decrease the likelihood of long-term effects.
What Is Acne?
Acne is the formation of a blemish due to a clogged hair follicle.
It occurs when oil from the sebaceous gland mixes with dead skin cells and causes inflammation and increased growth of p. acne bacteria.
Not All Acne Is the Same
There are five different types of acne–whiteheads (closed comedones), blackheads (open comedones), papules, pustules, and cysts/nodules.
Whiteheads formed below the skin’s surface and blackheads are plugs that have been exposed to air, which causes their dark color. Papules are small pink or brown colored bumps, and pustules are pus filled lesions.
Cysts or nodules are similar to pustules, but they occur deeper in the skin.
How Do We Get Acne?
While there is not one specific cause of acne, there are several factors that affect its development and severity.
Genetics, hormones, testosterone-increasing medications, certain makeup and cosmetics, and stress are all related to acne blemishes and breakouts.
In addition, post-acne hyperpigmentation and scarring are more likely to occur with picking, popping, and sun exposure.
Acne Treatments Vary Based on Severity
Fortunately, acne can be treated in a variety of ways. For mild acne consisting of a few whiteheads, blackheads, papules, or pustules, dermatologists recommend an over-the-counter product containing benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid.
Moderate acne, with a greater number of blemishes, may be treated with prescription-strength retinols, salicylic acid, benzoyl peroxide, antibiotics, and birth control pills.
Severe acne characterized by many lesions and cysts or nodules may require topicals, oral medication including isotretinoin, and lasers or light-based treatments.
To learn more about acne management and treatment options in Hagerstown or the surrounding Frederick area, contact us today to schedule a consultation.