Eczema Treatment in Hagerstown
Many individuals encounter dry and flaky skin in the wintertime, and these symptoms usually subside as spring approaches.
However, patients with eczema are prone to intermittent skin inflammation throughout the year.
What Is Eczema?
Eczema, also known as dermatitis, refers to swelling of skin on the face, hands, feet, inside the elbows, and behind the knees.
Weeping, crusting, scaling, and thickening of the skin can also occur if patients scratch itchy and irritated skin.
What Causes Eczema?
There is no known cause of eczema, and it cannot be spread from one person to another. Scientists believe that genetics, environmental triggers, stress, and immune system responses may all contribute to the development of eczema.
This condition can be chronic, and symptoms may worsen with flare-ups and improve or disappear during remission.
How Is This Skin Condition Diagnosed?
Eczema can be diagnosed by a primary care physician or dermatologist through patient interview and physical examination. In some cases, allergy testing may also be performed.
The patient’s past medical history is usually essential in determining if he/she has eczema. The medical professionals at Hagerstown Dermatology & Skincare will ask questions regarding:
- Medical conditions such as asthma or hay fever
- Environmental triggers including exposure to soaps, detergents, perfumes, cosmetics, chemicals and solvents, irritating fabrics, dust, and cigarette smoke.
To reduce flare-ups, patients should identify and avoid their environmental triggers and only use mild and gentle skincare products. Wearing gloves and cutting nails very short can deter scratching and limit weeping, scaling, and crusting.
Additionally, medications, including creams and ointments, corticosteroids, antihistamines, antibiotics, may be used to control swelling, allergic responses, and prevent infection.
Dermatologists may also recommend light-therapy in the management of eczema.